Voorwerp: (Kopie) Romeinse helm van 450 A.D.
Periode: Romeins/Vroeg Byzantijns.
Dating from: 4th century A.D.
Material: gilded silver.
Height: 28,5 cm.
Origin: the Peel (Dutch province of Noord-Brabant).
In 1910, peat cutter G. Smolenaars found a gilded silver helmet in the peat bogs of the Peel near the village of Deurne, in the Dutch province of Noord-Brabant. He displayed it in his living-room, where visitors could admire the Roman helmet on payment of ten cents. In the end, he sold the helmet to the National Museum of Antiquities, which had a goldsmith restore it.
The helmet consisted of a leather-lined iron cap, to which thin plates of gilded, tinned silver were attached by means of silver clout nails. On the right-hand side of the helmet’s cap, is the name of the Roman cavalry unit to which the horseman belonged. The name of its maker, Marcus Titus Lunamis, is engraved on the neck plate, as well as the weight of the silver plates. How the mask found its way to the peat bog remains unclear. Perhaps because the horseman and horse were swallowed up by the bog. But despite intensive searches, not a bone has been found, so the helmet may also have been left as an offering. The only certainty is that the helmet must have ended up in the peat bog in the year 319 or shortly thereafter, considering the dates on the coins that were found near it.